The word “hackamore” is derived from the Spanish word jáquima, meaning headstall or halter, itself derived from Old Spanish xaquima. Commonly referred to in it’s own right as a Bosal, it is made from braided rawhide and sits around the bridge of the horse's nose. Attached are the reins, called a “Mecate” and together the bosal and mecate make up the Hackamore.
The tradition of the Hackamore came from the Spanish Californians, revered for their horse-handling abilities. From these traditions, the “buckaroo” and “Californian Vaquero” used the Hackamore because it was made from cheap and readily available materials (the Mecate has been typically made from horse mane hair, but can also be made from alpaca wool, sheep wool, parachute cord or marine braided rope).
Quality hackamores are difficult to find in Australia. We therefore import our bosals and mecates from from the USA.
An incorrectly fitted bosal hinders precise and subtle communication from the rider’s hands and can cause pain and discomfort to the horse if presses on the sensitive facial nerve. A bosal should fit ‘like a glove’ and be evenly touching all around the horse’s face. The horse should be able to open its mouth and the bosal should not be so tight as to prevent the horse from chewing.
Learn how to measure your horse for a correctly fitting bosal HERE.